Headed out on the trail but worried you may have overlooked something in your packing? Below are ten essential considerations for hiking, backpacking and camping; it’s a systematic approach to make sure you are prepared in the event of an emergency. Just as important, however, is knowing how to use what you bring along-ideally in advance-you’ll find some tips below to help out in that department.
Items: Waterproof topographic map & compass, GPS unit with extra batteries.
- How to read a topographic map
- How to navigate with your senses
- How to calculate remaining daylight with your hand
- How to find the North Star
- How to make an emergency compass
2) Sun Protection
Items: Sunglasses, sunscreen, lip balm, hat, clothing for sun protection.
Items: Extra clothing for coldest possible temperatures you may encounter (hat, gloves, layers, jacket)
Items: Headlamp or a flashlight with extra batteries.
Items: First Aid Kit (Make sure to check regularly to ensure everything is up to date)
- Build your own Survival Kit
- Rule of Three in a Survival Situation
- How to treat mild cases of hypothermia
- How to treat frostbite
- How to treat a cut, scrape or abrasion
- How to treat a burn
- How to remove a tick
- How to treat poison oak or ivy rash
- How to treat a blister
- Signs of infection
Items: Lighter, tinder, waterproof matches, magnesium fire starter.
7) Knife & Tools
Items: Knife, multi-tool, duct tape, personalized repair kit
Items: Enough extra food for an additional day (or longer, depending on nature and length of trip) should an emergency occur. Freeze-dried food typically works best as it it light. Additionally, an electrolyte replacement, if not already in your first aid kit (it should be).
Items: Extra water and the means to purify water.
Items: Tent, bivy sack, space blanket, tarp, heavy duty trash bags, insulated sleeping pad.