Two Needle Pinyon Pine

Pinus edulis

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  • Two Needle Pinyon Pine | Two Needle Pinyon Pine (Pinus edulis) Photo: NPS
  • Two Needle Pinyon Pine | Two Needle Pinyon Pine (Pinus edulis) Photo: NPS
  • Two Needle Pinyon Pine | Two Needle Pinyon Pine (Pinus edulis) Photo: NPS
  • Two Needle Pinyon Pine | Two Needle Pinyon Pine (Pinus edulis) Photo: NPS
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Two Needle Pinyon Pine Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Other names

Colorado Pinyon, PiƱon Pine

Order

Pinales

Family

Pinaceae

Size

30-75 ft

Leaf Color

Green

Leaf Arrangement

Fascicled

Leaf Complexity

Simple

Leaf Shape

Linear

Blooming Season

Spring

Bloom Color

Yellow

Attracts

Birds, Wildlife

Can I eat Two Needle Pinyon Pine?

The edible seeds are collected throughout the Pinyon Pine's range and were once a staple food source for Southwestern Native American Tribes. Today pine nuts remain of great economic importance to many tribes who harvest and sell them. Native Americans also boiled the needles and made tea, as well obtained green and tan dye from the tree.

Medicinal uses for Two Needle Pinyon Pine

The turpentine obtained from the resin of all pine trees is immensely valuable antiseptic and diuretic. Native Americans also inhaled the vapors of burning needles as a treatment for colds

Two Needle Pinyon Pine Habitat

Two Needle Pinyon Pine (Pinus edulis) is native to the rocky mesas and dry mountain slopes of the western United States. It requires low water and part shade. The Pinyon Pine is drought and cold tolerant, but is very slow growing and is generally found between 4,000-7,000 ft.

Two Needle Pinyon Pine Facts

Two Needle Pinyon Pine (Pinus edulis) is the State Tree of New Mexico. The compact evergreen tree grows up to about 30 ft. One of the prettier evergreens, its gnarled appearance and dark green needles that occur in twos make it quite picturesque. The species name "edulis" refers to its edible and delicious seeds, which are still not commercially grown due to their sporadic seeding pattern. The Pinyon Pine is very common on the south rim of Grand Canyon National Park.

Two Needle Pinyon Pine Distribution



See also