Eastern Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis

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  • Eastern Hemlock | Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) Photo: Nicholas A. Tonelli
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Eastern Hemlock Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Order

Pinales

Family

Pinaceae

Size

60 - 100 ft

Leaf Color

Dark Green

Leaf Complexity

Simple

Leaf Shape

Linear

Blooming Season

Spring

Bloom Color

Yellow

Attracts

Birds, Butterflies

Eastern Hemlock Habitat

Eastern Hemlocks (Tsuga canadensis) are common along trails near shady streams or on moist mountain slopes with well draining soil.

Eastern Hemlock Facts

Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) is the state tree of Pennsylvania. Its wood is brittle and difficult to work with, but still is harvested to an extent. It is currently being decimated by the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, which is a non-native insect from East Asia. Hemlocks are extremely long living, they can thrive more than 800 years. They are an important food source for songbirds and larger mammals use their dense stands for cover. Hemlock bark was once a source of tannin for the leather industry. You can still hike amongst old growth in many of Pennsylvania’s State Parks. We recommended Cook Forest State Park.

Eastern Hemlock Distribution



See also