Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus

Go Back to Field Guide
  • Rufous Hummingbird |  Photo: Roy W. Lowe, USFWS
  • Rufous Hummingbird |  Photo: Roy W. Lowe, USFWS
  • Rufous Hummingbird |  Photo: Roy W. Lowe, USFWS
wowslider.com by WOWSlider.com v8.6m

Rufous Hummingbird Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Order

Apodiformes

Family

Trochilidae

Size

Rufous Hummingbirds are generally between 2.75 and 3.8 inches in length.

Lifespan

up to 11 years

Weight

Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus) facts, habitat, range, hummingbird pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the small bird.

Diet

Nectar

Behavior

Hovering

Range

Western U.S.

Nest Placement

Tree

Number of Offspring

2–3 Eggs

Egg Description

White

Condition at Hatching

Feeble, tiny, eyes closed, clumsy, naked minus rows of sparse down on the back

Social Status

Solitary

Wingspan

4.25-4.35 in

Observation Tips

Take a hike along your favorite wildflower trail.

What does the Rufous Hummingbird look like?

Rufous Hummingbirds are small woodland-field birds. They have tapered tails and long straight black bills that have a slight downward curve. Adult males have shimmering reddish gold throats, rufous faces, sides, napes and backs with green foreheads and white patches behind their eyes. Females and juveniles have dull rufous sides, white breasts, green backs and reddish rumps and tails.

Rufous Hummingbird Habitat

Open Forests

Rufous Hummingbird Facts

Rufous Hummingbirds are very territorial. They will happily visit your backyard feeder and will also happily chase off other bird species. At 3 inches long, Rufous Hummingbirds can have one long migration, nearly 4,000 miles from the tip of Mexico to southeastern Alaska. During this migration they travel in a clockwise pattern. Up the Pacific Coast then back down through the Rocky Mountains. Their incredibly fast wing beat of 50-60 beats per second enables them to hover in place.

See also