Pileated Woodpecker

Dryocopus pileatus

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  • Pileated Woodpecker |  Photo: NPS
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Pileated Woodpecker Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Order

Piciformes

Family

Picidae

Size

Pileated Woodpeckers are generally between 15.5 and 19.5 inches in length.

Lifespan

up to 14 years

Weight

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) facts, habitat, range, woodpecker pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the bird.

Diet

Insectivore

Behavior

Bark Forager

Range

Eastern U.S, Pacific Northwest, California

Nest Placement

Cavity

Number of Offspring

3-5 Eggs

Egg Description

White

Condition at Hatching

naked, helpless

Social Status

Pairs

Wingspan

26-29.75 in

Observation Tips

Listen for their tapping then look!

What does the Pileated Woodpecker look like?

Pileated Woodpeckers are large woodland field birds that have long necks, bright red triangular crests on their heads. Their bills are long and tough. They are predominately black with white striping on their faces. Males have a red stripe on their cheeks. In flight, they have white under-wings.

Pileated Woodpecker Habitat

Forest

Pileated Woodpecker Facts

Pileated Woodpeckers live in pairs year round and will aggressively defend their territory. They are one of the largest Woodpeckers. They are considered a keystone species because their nests provide shelter for many other species. Also, they are particular effective at controlling devastating tree beetle outbreaks. They prefer large trees to nest in. There are four sub-species of the pileated woodpecker. Hikers will likely hear their tapping before spotting them.

See also