Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

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  • Hairy Woodpecker |  Photo: Jim Peaco, NPS
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Hairy Woodpecker Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Order

Piciformes

Family

Picidae

Size

Hairy Woodpeckers are generally between 7 and 10.25 inches in length.

Lifespan

up to 16 years

Weight

Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus) facts, habitat, range, woodpecker pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the bird.

Diet

Omnivore

Behavior

Bark Forager

Range

Nationwide: Except southern Texas.

Nest Placement

Cavity

Number of Offspring

3–5 Eggs

Egg Description

White

Condition at Hatching

Naked, eyes closed, pink skin, clumsy

Social Status

Solitary, Winter Flocks

Wingspan

12.75–16.25 in

Observation Tips

To see a Hairy Woodpecker in the wild, take a hike on a trail running through a mature forest. Often if you stand still you will hear their spirited tapping well before spotting them.

What does the Hairy Woodpecker look like?

Hairy Woodpeckers are medium sized woodland-field birds. They have boxy heads, long dagger like gray bills and tough tail feathers used to lean on trees. Both sexes are predominately black and white. Both have white chests, black backs with a white striped down the middle. Heavier white barring on black wings and a bright red spot on the back of the head distinguish males.

Hairy Woodpecker Habitat

Forests

Hairy Woodpecker Facts

Hairy Woodpeckers are large erect woodpeckers that are common on trunks of trees in mature forests. Their large bills allow them to search for food where other woodpeckers would be limited by their smaller bills. Their call is a short, sharp "peek" and their tapping against trees can be quite loud.

See also