Procyon lotor

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  • Raccoon | Tenants of the trees: Boston :L.C. Page & Co.,1907. Photo: Dawn Beattie
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Basic Information

Other names

Northern Raccoon






Raccoons are generally between 23.5 and 37.5 inches in length.


up to 16 years


Raccoon (Procyon lotor) facts, habitat, diet, range, raccoon pictures and more to help you learn to identify the scavenging mammal.




Female Raccoons reach sexual maturity around one year of age, males around two. The sexes only associate during mating season. Mating occurs from late winter through early summer, depending upon location. Females are very protective of their young.



Number of Offspring

3-7 Kits


Raccoons can carry Rabies!

What does the Raccoon look like?

Raccoons are easily recognizable to most of us. Their black "bandit mask" and black ringed bushy tails are giveaways. Their coloration ranges with habitat, but tends to be a speckled gray to a dark rusty brown. They are stocky animals and have five digit paws with sharp claws. Their forepaws are extremely sensitive to touch. Males are larger than females, but both sexes look similar in appearance.

Raccoon Habitat

Open Forests

Raccoon Facts

Raccoons are nocturnal by nature, and rarely observed in the daytime. They do not hibernate, but will sleep for long bouts during extreme cold or snowy times. During these times they live off of fat reserves. They are amazing climbers and have no problems scaling trees with ease. They are also very strong swimmers, but are often hesitant get into water because they lack waterproof fur. They are opportunistic feeders and will not travel farther than necessary to enjoy a meal. Their diet generally breaks down roughly to 40% invertebrates, 30% plant material and 30% vertebrates. Native Americans used Raccoon fur for clothing and their tails for decorations.

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