Whooping Crane

Grus americana

Go Back to Field Guide
  • Whooping Crane |  Photo: USFWS
  • Whooping Crane |  Photo: USFWS
  • Whooping Crane |  Photo: USFWS
wowslider.com by WOWSlider.com v8.6m

Whooping Crane Photo Gallery

Basic Information






Whooping Cranes are generally between 58 and 60 inches in length.


up to 30 years


Whooping Crane (Grus americana) facts, habitat, range, crane pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the waterfowl.







Nest Placement


Number of Offspring

1-3 Eggs

Egg Description

Light brown with dark brown spots

Condition at Hatching

Active, down covered, feed themselves within 1 day

Social Status



7.5 ft

Observation Tips

Aransas National Wildlife Refuge is your best bet.

What does the Whooping Crane look like?

Whooping Cranes are very large and tall waterfowl. They have long black legs, white bodies, long white necks, black wingtips and facemasks with red foreheads and cheeks.

Whooping Crane Habitat


Whooping Crane Facts

Whooping Cranes are monogamous and mate for life. However, if a mate dies the other will find another mate. Courtship between Whooping Cranes is quite the display. If you are lucky enough to see it you can expect an extravagant display of leaps, wing flaps and bowing. They generally mate around four years of age and breed once per year. They are omnivores and will probe the ground for food. With blue crabs being a particular favorite. Whooping Cranes are vulnerable to predation both on land and in the air. Wild cats, coyotes and golden eagles often prey on them. During migration they fly at very high altitudes, biologists think this helps them avoid aerial predation from eagles. Whooping Cranes are extremely rare and nearly went extinct. During the 1940’s and early 50’s it is estimated there were fewer than two-dozen in the wild. Captive breeding programs and conservation efforts to preserve habitat have been moderately successful, with their numbers nearing roughly 400. For the best chance to see a Whooping Crane in the wild head to the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge in Texas.

See also