Canada Goose

Branta canadensis

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  • Canada Goose |  Photo: Harvey Barrison
  • Canada Goose |  Photo: Harvey Barrison
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Canada Goose Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Order

Anseriformes

Family

Anatidae

Size

Canadian Geese grow to between 29.75 and 43.5 inches in length.

Lifespan

up to 30 years

Weight

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) facts, habitat, range, goose pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the waterfowl.

Diet

Canadian Geese eat a variety of plants, including grasses, seeds and berries.

Behavior

Ground Forager

Range

Nationwide

Nest Placement

Ground

Number of Offspring

3–8 Eggs

Egg Description

Cream White

Condition at Hatching

Active, down covered, eyes open

Social Status

Flocks

Wingspan

4-5.5 ft

Observation Tips

Go to your local park that has a pond.

What does the Canada Goose look like?

Canada Geese are large waterfowl. They have long black necks and black bills. Their heads are black with white cheeks and chinstraps. Their backs are brown, while their breasts are a light brown or tan. They have large white rumps under their black tails.

Canada Goose Habitat

Marshlands

Canada Goose Facts

Canada Geese are common across the country and probably quite familiar. Their V-shaped flight pattern and loud honking is common in city parks. They are primarily grazers, feeding on vegetation most often in marshlands. Male and females are thought to mate for life. They can be quite aggressive and while walking through a park, you often find out if you get to close. Foxes, raccoons, crows, ravens and bears are common predators to Canadian Geese eggs. That said the larger male defends its nest site with vigor. There are 11 sub-species of the Canada Goose. The Giant Canada Goose was thought to be extinct by 1950, but its numbers have a slowly rebounded.

See also