Cactus Wren

Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

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  • Cactus Wren |  Photo: Linda Tanner
  • Cactus Wren |  Photo: Linda Tanner by v8.6m

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Basic Information






Cactus Wrens are about 8.5 inches in length.


5+ years in the wild


Cactus Wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus) facts, habitat, range, wren pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the songbird.


Cactus Wrens are omnivores that feed mainly on insects and spiders, but will also on occasion eat reptiles, amphibians and fruit.


Ground Forager


Southwest, Texas, California

Nest Placement


Number of Offspring

3–6 Eggs

Egg Description

Pale pink w/ reddish browns spots, most on large end of egg.

Condition at Hatching

Helpless, sparse down

Social Status

Family Groups


11 in

Observation Tips

Can be seen in backyards in the desert southwest, but for best luck head to brushy desert.

What does the Cactus Wren look like?

Cactus Wrens have a spotted brown-gray undercarriage and dark brown streaked wings. Its face is streaked. Juveniles appear similar to adults.

Cactus Wren Habitat

Desert, Brush

Cactus Wren Facts

Cactus Wrens are the largest of the Wren family and also the state bird of Arizona. They are fearless when protecting their nests and are known to destroy the nests of other nearby birds. They often nest in cacti. Pairs form permanent bonds. Cactus Wrens are also notorious for getting into mischief. They are known to buzz around in cars whose owners left the windows down.

Cactus Wren Distribution

See also