Black-tailed Jackrabbit

Lepus californicus

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  • Black-tailed Jackrabbit | The National geographical society c1918 Photo: Michael L. Baird by v8.6m

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Basic Information

Other names

American Desert Hare






Black-tailed Jackrabbits are generally between 18.5 and 25 inches in length.


up to 7 years


Black-tailed Jackrabbit (Lepus californicus) facts, habitat, diet, range, jackrabbit pictures and more to help you learn to identify the small mammal.




Male Black-tailed Jackrabbits reach sexual maturity before one year of age. Females, generally don't breed until their second year. Breeding season depends on habitat, but all are capable of having more than one litter per year, if conditions are right.


Arid Western U.S.

Number of Offspring

1-6 Leverts

What does the Black-tailed Jackrabbit look like?

Black-tailed Jackrabbits are a dark buff peppered with black. Their undersides and insides of their legs are a cream white. They have a black stripe running down their back and black rump patch. Both sexes look similar, however females are larger.

Black-tailed Jackrabbit Habitat


Black-tailed Jackrabbit Facts

Black-tailed Jackrabbits are also called American Desert Hares. They are common in the deserts of the southwestern U.S. They thrive from sea level to elevations of 10,000 ft. They do not hibernate or migrate and live in the same roughly one square mile year-round. They feed on a variety of plant matter and are common prey for raptors and coyotes. They are capable of leaping 20 ft. at a time and are the 3rd largest North American hare.

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