Long-billed Curlew

Numenius americanus

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  • Long-billed Curlew |  Photo: David Ledig, USFWS
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Long-billed Curlew Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Other names

Candlestick Bird

Order

Charadriiformes

Family

Scolopacidae

Size

Long-billed Curlews are generally between 19.5 and 25.75 inches in length.

Lifespan

up to 10 years

Weight

Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus) facts, habitat, range, curlew pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the shorebird.

Diet

insects, marine crustaceans and invertebrates

Behavior

Probing

Range

Migratory, Summer: Plains-Western U.S.

Nest Placement

Ground

Number of Offspring

4 Eggs

Egg Description

Olive to Light Brown with purple brown spots

Condition at Hatching

Active, eyes open, down covered, leaves nest in a matter of hours

Social Status

Solitary, Winter Flocks

Wingspan

24.25-35 in

What does the Long-billed Curlew look like?

Long-billed Curlews are large shorebirds. They have black eyes, a very long downward curved slender bill and lanky gray legs. Their backs, wings and tail feathers are brown with black bars, and their chests are a plain light brown.

Long-billed Curlew Habitat

Grasslands

Long-billed Curlew Facts

Long-billed Curlews are North America's largest shorebird. They mate in the meadows and grasslands of the mid-west and Great Basin. Both males and females incubate eggs, however the female deserts the nest a few weeks after hatching, leaving the brood to the male. That said, the same male and female often mate again the next breeding season. Females have longer flatter bills than males with a harder downward curve at the tip.

See also