Eastern Gray Squirrel

Sciurus carolinensis

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  • Eastern Gray Squirrel |  Photo: NPS
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Basic Information






Eastern Gray Squirrels are generally between 15 and 21 inches in length.


up to 12 years


Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) facts, habitat, diet, range, squirrel pictures and more to help you learn to identify the rodent.




Eastern Gray Squirrels mate twice per year; once in winter then once again in spring. Females will mate with more than one male, and males compete with each for breeding rights. Generally females and males reach sexual maturity roughly at the same time around one year of age. Though females are able to breed earlier than that.


Eastern U.S.

Number of Offspring

2-6 offspring

What does the Eastern Gray Squirrel look like?

Eastern Gray Squirrels are medium sized tree squirrels. Both male and females look alike. Overall they are a dark to pale gray, but may take cinnamon brown tones. They have light gray to whitish ears and bushy tails. Their undercarriages are a gray to buff. They have 22 teeth and incredibly strong jaws.

Eastern Gray Squirrel Habitat


Eastern Gray Squirrel Facts

If you go for a hike in the eastern U.S. you will likely spot a few Eastern Gray Squirrels. They are extremely common from Maine through east Texas. They are hoarders and will cache food in several locations for future consumption during the cold winter months. They are omnivores, but their most important food source is acorns and nuts from trees. They communicate through vocalizations and body positions like tail flicking. They have a very good sense of smell and use it to keep tabs on their neighbors and determine reproductive status. They have a bunch of predators, including raptors, black bears, coyotes, weasels and humans who hunt them for sport and a food source.

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