Pronghorn

Antilocapra americana

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  • Pronghorn |  Photo: Nick Myatt, Or. Dept. Fish & Wildlife
  • Pronghorn |  Photo: Nick Myatt, Or. Dept. Fish & Wildlife
  • Pronghorn |  Photo: Nick Myatt, Or. Dept. Fish & Wildlife
  • Pronghorn |  Photo: Nick Myatt, Or. Dept. Fish & Wildlife
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Pronghorn Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Other names

Antelope

Order

Artiodactyla

Family

Antilocapridae

Size

Pronghorns shoulder height is 2.5 to 3.5 feet off the ground.

Lifespan

up to 14 years in the wild

Weight

Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) facts, habitat, diet, range, antelope pictures and more to help you learn to identify the fast ungulate.

Diet

Pronghorn are herbivores that prefer high protein vegetation such as forbs and shrubs.

Breeding

One to two young are born in the spring. Males reach sexual maturity around 15 months but rarely breed before 36 months.

Range

Rocky Mountains, Southwest, Plains Texas, California, Northwest, Western Canada

What does the Pronghorn look like?

Pronghorn have a stocky build and long legs. They have short black horns and a cinnamon-colored body, with a white rump, belly, and facial markings. Both males and females shed their horns each fall. Males are larger and have a black stripe on the lower jaw.

Pronghorn Habitat

Grasslands

Pronghorn Facts

Pronghorn are North America's only native antelope. A group is called a band or a herd. Pronghorn are extremely fast. They can reach speeds of nearly 70 miles per hour, making them the second fastest animal on the planet behind the Cheetah. However, it should be noted Pronghorn can sustain high speeds for a great distance, making them capable of covering vast amounts of territory.

Pronghorn Distribution



See also