Mule Deer

Odocoileus hemionus

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  • Mule Deer |  Photo: NPS
  • Mule Deer |  Photo: NPS
  • Mule Deer |  Photo: NPS
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Mule Deer Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Other names

Black-tailed Deer

Order

Artiodactyla

Family

Cervidae

Size

Mule Deer are generally between stand between 30 and 45 inches tall and are 4 to 7 feet in length.

Lifespan

up to 18 years in the wild

Weight

Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) facts, habitat, diet, range, deer pictures and more to help you learn to identify the ungulate.

Diet

Herbivore

Breeding

Does birth usually birth two fawns. If it is their first time often only one.

Range

Prairie, Great Lakes, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, Texas, California, Pacific Northwest, Western Canada, Alaska

What does the Mule Deer look like?

Mule Deer are recognizeable by their black tipped tail and white rump. Interior Mule Deer tend to be lighter in color than their costal cousins. Their ears are larger and tails are shorter than white-tailed deer. Bucks have dichotomously branching antlers. They shed them in early winter and regrow over the summer.

Mule Deer Habitat

Forests

Mule Deer Facts

Mule Deer tend to migrate to higher elevations in the summer and lowlands in the winter. Their large ears enable them to hear predators from far away and they also have incredible eye site; often able to see a potential predator as far as 600 meters away.

Mule Deer Distribution



See also