Bison

Bison bison

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  • Bison |  Photo: TrailMob
  • Bison |  Photo: TrailMob
  • Bison |  Photo: TrailMob
  • Bison |  Photo: TrailMob
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Bison Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Other names

American Buffalo, Buffalo

Order

Artiodactyla

Family

Bovidae

Size

Bison are massive ungulates that can grow up to 12 feet in length and stand 6.5 feet tall at the shoulder.

Lifespan

up to 18 years in the wild

Weight

Bison (Bison bison) facts, habitat, diet, range, buffalo pictures and more to help you learn to identify the large mammal.

Diet

Bison are herbivores that feed on a variety of plants. In summer their diet consists mainly of grasses, but in the winter they will also eat lichens and mosses.

Breeding

Cows birth 1 calf.

Range

Rocky Mountains, Western Canada, Alaska

Danger

Bison are extremely dangerous. When hiking in bison country use common sense. They may appear slow, but they are much faster than you. Each year many more people are injured by bison in Yellowstone than bears

What does the Bison look like?

Bison are brown in color with a thick wooly pelage around the neck. Both male and females have horns, but the male horns are larger and more curved. Bison have an iconic humped profile with larger forequarters. Bison calves are adorable and have a reddish color.

Bison Habitat

Grasslands

Bison Facts

Bison are North America's largest land mammal. They are great swimmers and run more than 40 mph. Millions of bison were hunted to near extinction. However the species has since recovered in numbers, many of which are privately owned. They will never reclaim their range however; today wild bison are isolated to a few pockets. Bison graze in herds, sometimes very large herds. The herds provide protection from opportunistic predators such as wolves. Male bison will fight each other during breeding season and on rare occasions an injured male may perish. Breeding is linear, the most dominate male mate the most.

Bison Distribution



See also