Wild Turkey

Meleagris gallopavo

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  • Wild Turkey |  Photo: Marc Neidig, NPS
  • Wild Turkey |  Photo: Marc Neidig, NPS
  • Wild Turkey |  Photo: Marc Neidig, NPS
  • Wild Turkey |  Photo: Marc Neidig, NPS
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Wild Turkey Photo Gallery

Basic Information






Wild Turkeys are generally between 43.3 and 45.3 inches in length.


up to 13 years


Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) facts, habitat, range, turkey pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the game bird.




Ground Forager


Widespread in the Eastern U.S. Scattered and Isolated in Western U.S.

Nest Placement


Number of Offspring

6–15 Eggs

Egg Description

Yellow Tan specked with brown

Condition at Hatching

Active, developed, down covered

Social Status



4–4.75 ft

Observation Tips

To see Wild Turkeys, take an early morning hike along a trail running through open forests or along woodlands edges.

What does the Wild Turkey look like?

Wild Turkeys are large familiar gamebirds. They have long legs, large rounded tails and small heads on slender necks. They are a dark brown with patterning on the wings. They have pink or blue-gray featherless skin on the head and neck

Wild Turkey Habitat

Open Forests

Wild Turkey Facts

Wild Turkeys are easily recognizable to most of us who undoubtedly colored their outlines around Thanksgiving in grade school. These large gamebirds are common in the east coast and have scattered populations in every state except Alaska. They travel in flocks and consume everything from seeds and berries to insects. Their common predators include coyotes, mountain lions, eagles and bobcats. They have many vocalizations including the famous "gobble" but also "clucks," "putts," "purrs," "yelps," "cutts," "whines," "cackles," and "kee-kees." There are six different subspecies of Wild Turkeys. They are also one of two birds that have been domesticated in North America.

See also