Ring-necked Pheasant

Phasianus colchicus

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  • Ring-necked Pheasant |  Photo: Randy Lakes, USFWS
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Ring-necked Pheasant Photo Gallery

Basic Information

Order

Galliformes

Family

Phasianidae

Size

Ring-necked Pheasants are generally between 19.5 and 27.75 inches in length.

Lifespan

up to 18 years

Weight

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) facts, habitat, range, pheasant pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the game bird.

Diet

Omnivore

Behavior

Ground Forager

Range

Northern Plains and east U.S. Widespread in Western U.S.

Nest Placement

Ground

Number of Offspring

6–15 Eggs

Egg Description

Olive Brown

Condition at Hatching

Active, eyes open, down covered

Social Status

Solitary, Flocks

Wingspan

21.75–34 in

Observation Tips

More often than not hikers will catch a glimpse of a Ring-necked Pheasant they accidentally spooked along a grasslands trail. In the spring keep an eye out for males presenting themselves to prospective mates.

What does the Ring-necked Pheasant look like?

Ring-necked Pheasants are large chicken-like gamebirds. They have stocky bodies, long necks, small heads and long tapered tails. Males are showy, with red faces, metallic green necks that have bold white rings. Their bodies are shades of copper brown with black barring. Females are buff brown with dark spots and lack the colorful head and neck.

Ring-necked Pheasant Habitat

Grasslands

Ring-necked Pheasant Facts

Ring-necked Pheasants are a popular gamebird in the United States. They were introduced from Asia and quickly spread across the country. They blend in well with their surroundings, thus can be difficult to spot. Hatchlings are extremely active and leave the nest almost immediately to follow the mother and feed. Males have a "crow" call that sounds somewhat similar to a domestic rooster. They call the most at dawn and dusk. Their powerful breast muscles allow them to burst into the air at speeds in excess of 40 miles per hour.

See also