Gray Fox

Urocyon cinereoargenteus

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  • Gray Fox |  Photo: Ingrid Taylor
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Basic Information

Order

Carnivora

Family

Canidae

Size

Gray Foxes are generally between 30 and 44 inches in length.

Lifespan

up to 10 years

Weight

Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) facts, habitat, diet, range, fox pictures and more to help you learn to identify the beautiful wild dog.

Diet

Omnivore

Breeding

Gray Foxes are monogamous and breed once a year. They are solitary mammals and only come together during breeding season. Breeding season varies with geography and elevation but generally starts in late winter to early spring. Both male and females reach sexual maturity around ten months of age. After the kits are born, both parents help tend to the young and teach them how to hunt.

Range

Coast to Coast, except Northern Rockies

Number of Offspring

2-6 kits

What does the Gray Fox look like?

Gray Foxes are medium canids that have a mix of white, red, black and gray fur with long bodies, short legs. Males are slightly larger than females and those living at higher elevations tend to be slightly larger than those at lower elevations. They grow to about 3.5 feet in length with their black striped and tipped tail making up roughly one third of that length. They have white cheeks, muzzles and throats. They are often confused with their cousins Red Foxes, however Gray Foxes have more stout bodies, rounder eyes, shorter legs and smaller feet.

Gray Fox Habitat

Forests/Meadows

Gray Fox Facts

Gray Foxes are omnivorous. Geography and prey sources play a major role in what the Gray Fox eats. They are will happily eat fruit, small mammals such as rabbits and voles, grains, nuts and even insects all play in important part it’s diet. If food is particularly abundant gray foxes will cache food by burying it and saving it for tough times. Gray Foxes have plenty of predators including large raptors such as Great-horned Owls, Golden Eagles. They have retractable claws, which aid it in climbing trees. They are the only members of the North American Candiae family that can climb trees. Unlike the Red Fox, which evades predation with speed and agility, the gray fox will hide under cover or climb to escape danger. Humans are by the biggest predator to gray foxes. There are 16 subspecies recognized for the gray fox.

See also