Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

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  • Golden Eagle |  Photo: Anja Disseldorp
  • Golden Eagle |  Photo: Anja Disseldorp
  • Golden Eagle |  Photo: Anja Disseldorp by v8.6m

Golden Eagle Photo Gallery

Basic Information






Golden Eagles grow to be between 28 and 40 inches in length.


35+ years in the wild


Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) facts, habitat, range, eagle pictures and bird watching tips to help you identify the large bird of prey.


Golden Eagles are carnivores that feed mainly on small mammals, but will also eat other birds, larger mammals and fish. They are often seen eating carrion.




Pacific Northwest, California, Mid-West Western Canada, New England, Rocky Mountains, Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Alaska, Texas, Eastern Canada, Southwest

Nest Placement


Number of Offspring

1–3 Eggs

Egg Description

Soft white to pale pink with brown spots

Condition at Hatching

Helpless, feeble, sparse down covered

Social Status



6-7.5 ft

Observation Tips

Often seen soaring along ridgelines in mountainous areas

What does the Golden Eagle look like?

Adult Golden Eagles are primarily a dark brown. They have a golden area near the crown, nape and sides of their head and neck. Their tail feathers are a grayish brown. Juveniles appear similar to adults, but have light tips on their wing feathers and a "ringtail," meaning a white stripe on their tail feathers. This gradually fades as juvenile's progress towards adulthood.

Golden Eagle Habitat

Open Forests, Mountains

Golden Eagle Facts

With a wingspan that can reach 7.5 feet, Golden Eagles are North America's largest predatory bird. Male and female Golden Eagles look alike, however females are larger. The monogamous birds breed once a year a lay and average of two eggs. The eaglets learn to fly around 10 weeks of age. Golden Eagles can fly up 80 mph and may reach more than 200 mph in a dive. Their diet consists of small game such as ground squirrels, prairie dogs and marmots. They have been known to kill large game such as coyotes as well. Pairs regularly hunt together, with one chasing the prey until it's exhausted and the other swooping in for the kill

Golden Eagle Distribution

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